“Air Purifiers once considered as a luxury is soon changing to becoming a necessity with the rapidly deteriorating air quality. Log on to http://goo. WHO said that in most cities wherever there is enough data to compare the situation today, with previous years, air pollution is just getting worse.What’s more appalling is that the air inside our home are actually two to five times more toxic and polluted than the air we breathe outside.Home air purifiers have their limitations.gl/a59idJ to know the Air Quality Index (AQI) reading of the city you presently live in. The process is different from water purification where chemical treatment is used.jpeg With pollution rising above dangerous levels, air purifiers can help keeping your home air clean.Philips AC4025/10 portable room air purifierIts filtration system eliminates harmful agents in two stages: In stage 1, the activated carbon filter acts as pre-filter to catch big particles like human hair and regular house dust, and removes odours and harmful gases.Opt for the right purifier for your placeAir purifiers eliminate contaminants and pollutants from the air. The Philips AC4025/10 portable room air purifier is available for Rs 16,995. Xiaomi, Livepure, Philips, Kent, Sharp and a few other brands have already stepped into the health appliance market in India.Kent Aura portable air purifier
The Kent Aura comes with an in-built ionizer and uses the HEPA filter that has a special coating to eliminate bacteria from the air.5 concentration of 56 micrograms and PM10 concentration of 121 micrograms. The company claims that the Mi Air Purifier 2 offers Clean Air Delivery Rate (CADR) of 310m3/h. The negative ions from the air purifier attract these particles forming clumps, which are eventually eliminated by the filters. Priced at Rs 8,999, this air purifier is can cover a room of size 200 sq ft and has a 3-level fan speed. Kent claims that specially treated activated carbon in the air purifier has a high absorptive value, thus absorbing all foul odours and smell, keeping the air in your house fresh at all times. Its filter will last up to six months depending on usage, and each replacement filter costs Rs 2,499. The air purifier is available at a price of Rs 13,399 and is capable of covering 270 sq ft of the area.Livpure Fresh O2 130 Air PurifierThis air purification system incorporates an anion (negative ion) generator, which disinfects your indoor environment too. Delhi has the highest concentration of PM2. Though an air purifier has its own limitations and there are no assurances about your air being purified to the best, it is always good to have one installed at home so that you can care for your family’s health.
You can buy carbon filters, HEPA filters for around 3,000 and other accessories as well. There is a huge potential in the market as people today understand the need of air purifiers. However, in order to breathe some pure air, it is always recommended that you install an air purifier at home. The filters are made of a range of materials, and the technology differs from one purifier to another. In stage 2, the HEPA filter filters out fine dust, bacteria and allergens. Priced at Rs 9,999, the purifier packs in a single motor with dual mixed booster fans and a three layer filter. Most indoor pollutants such as dust and pollen are positively charged. China carbon steel nuts Suppliers dc-Cover-a556bd7iikj9i79u4nvp7k9fu2-20161104145921.Recently, several companies have forayed in the manufacturing of air purifiers. Consumers today are discerning and are more aware of the health hazards associated with breathing in poisonous air. They are ineffective if you leave the doors or windows open and are highly effective in air-conditioned rooms.
Being one of the innovative brands in this segment, with our products, we assure quality service thereby enhancing individual health” said Rakesh Malhotra, founder, Livpure told Deccan Chronicle. The air quality in the room is continuously monitored and adjusted by this air purifier and this is indicated by a glowing LED light. Though an air conditioner can do filtration to a particular level, they cannot outdo an appliance designed for the purpose. Air is not purified chemically, but filtered.5 — particulate matter less than 2. We have listed some of the air purifiers you can use to purify the air around you.Beijing has installed massive outdoor air purifiers in the city, India could probably do the same, but it does not seem practical as yet.Beijing was once considered as one of the most polluted cities with a PM2. Whether you are home or in office, the air surrounding us has worsened and house dust, allergens, viruses, bacteria and even pollutants emitted by copiers or printers can accumulate and have a long-term detrimental effect on our health.5 microns — form of air pollution, which is considered serious and harmful.A recent study form WHO alarms that India is one of the most polluted countries with Delhi being the most stained city in the world with worst air quality.Judging by the pollution crisis the world is facing, air purifiers are no longer a luxury appliance, but are soon turning out to be a dire necessity.With pollution rising above dangerous levels, air purifiers can help keeping your home air clean. Some even use ionizers for effective cleaning.Xiaomi Mi Air Purifier 2With the recently launched Mi Air Purifier 2, Xiaomi seems to be concerned about ensuring that one breathes in pure air.Medi_.. It works as a filter that sucks in air, passes it through a cleaning mechanism (a particulate filter), releasing cleaner air from the other end
نوشته شده در دوشنبه ۲ دی ۱۳۹۸ساعت 13:38
برچسب ها : China carbon steel nuts Suppliers,
JSPL further said it has recently won a Rs 665 crore order from China hex nuts Suppliers Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd (RVNL), an arm of the Ministry of Railways, to supply 89,042 tonnes of UIC 60 kg IRS T-12 880 grade 13 meter rails for its upcoming projects.In July last year, JSPL had received from railways an order of about one lakh tonne rails, which was later extended by over 26 lakh. Out of this total quantities, JSPL supplied 97,400 tonnes of long rails on April 22, 2019," the company informed the exchanges.It is the only private steel company that produces long rails in India."In a boost to Indian Railways, JSPL has successfully executed the first-ever rail order to Indian Railways on July 29, 2019.The railways had invited the global tender for procuring around 4. JSPL has supplied 1,26,604 tonnes of long rails to Indian Railways in record time ahead of schedule.The company operates a one million tonne per annum (MTPA) rail mill at its steel plant in Raigarh, Chhattisgarh.
New Delhi: Jindal Steel and Power Ltd (JSPL) on Wednesday said it has completed delivery of its 1."JSPL is also expecting orders of a minimum volume of 2 lakh tonnes per annum of 13/26 metre rails from Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL) and IRCON International Limited," it added.26 lakh tonne rail order from the Indian Railways.The total value of the order was Rs 732 crore, the company said.87 lakh metric tonnes of rails to meet the shortfall in supply from the Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL).In July last year, JSPL had received from railways an order of about one lakh tonne rails, which was later extended by over 26 lakh..JSPL further said it has recently won a Rs 665 crore order from Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd (RVNL), an arm of the Ministry of Railways, to supply 89,042 tonnes of UIC 60 kg IRS T-12 880 grade 13 meter rails for its upcoming projects.Part of the USD 18-billion O P Jindal Group, JSPL has presence in steel, power, mining and infrastructure sectors
نوشته شده در سه شنبه ۲۶ آذر ۱۳۹۸ساعت 7:54
برچسب ها : heavy hex nut Manufacturers,
با توجه به 26 ساله، تغییرات حتی کوچک مانند استفاده از یک قلم چشمه بسیار بهتر از استفاده از پلاستیک قلم و یا پر کردن مجدد تک استفاده. ماری Jaiswal، مترجم آزاد در Chembur شیوه زندگی کاهش ضایعات برای یک سال گذشته به تصویب رسید. اما خوب سامریان چند از شهرستان در حال تلاش برای زندگی یک زندگی بدون مواد زائد برای کمک به کاهش زباله های که در سطح فردی تولید .. "او باعث می شود همه چیز را از کوکی ها، نان به شیر بادام و کیک در خانه برای او 7 ساله پسر من با استفاده از داروهای خانگی و نیز به جایگزین های طبیعی برای شامپو روشن، می گوید: "ماری که نه تنها یک شامپو طبیعی از reetha ساخته شده بلکه او را از خمیر دندان را از پودر arrowroot و دئودورانت از سرکه سیب ساخته شده .Reduce، بازیافت و استفاده مجدد از myntra برای کاربران زندگی یک سبک زندگی زباله صفر است. من شروع به فکر می کنم بیشتر در مورد آن و اقدامات است که من می توانم برای کاهش سطل زباله. "من و چین فولاد کربن آجیل Manufacturers39؛ مردم را دیده تعویض به تنها آب برای شستشو موهای خود را ام، اما آن کار نمی کند برای me.All زباله ما تولید میکنیم، که آیا آن یک بسته خالی چیپس یا دستمال های بهداشتی است، به پایان می رسد تا در دفن زباله و یا چوک زندگی را از اقیانوس است. به دنبال پیدا کردن افراد بیشتری از شهرستان به بحث در مورد مشکلات و دستیابی به این شیوه زندگی، او چند اکسسوری در باندرا سازمان یافته است. آن را مانند او دلایل آنچه که ما انجام می فهمد اما او نمی بودن در این محیط آورده است، "Mugdha اضافه می کند. پسر دو ساله اش نیز القا ارزش های یک شیوه زندگی عاری از زباله به عنوان او می کشد یک بطری آب فولاد با یک نی فولاد به playschool خود. صحبت کردن گام های کودک، از China carbon steel nuts Manufacturers خرید بسته بندی آب میوه متوقف شد و نیز آغاز شده با استفاده از یک toothbrush.From بامبو با استفاده از داروهای خانگی برای شستن مو به ایجاد کمپوست خود، این افراد در حال تلاش آگاهانه برای کاهش تولید زباله. اما سال ها استفاده از مواد شیمیایی و محصولات تجاری ساخته شده انجام را تبدیل به محصولات طبیعی به چالش کشیدن. بطری آب فولادی و مشاور استعداد strawFor مهیم است، از Mehndi Shivdasani، ایده این شیوه زندگی به او بود که او را در مورد حفظ پایداری در حالی که در حال اجرا یک کسب و کار مشغول به تحصیل بود.
نوشته شده در سه شنبه ۱۹ آذر ۱۳۹۸ساعت 9:37
برچسب ها : China carbon steel nuts Manufacturers,
جانی استارک رهبر پروژه گفت یک چهارم از دی اکسید کربن ساطع به اتمسفر اقیانوس، که اسیدیته آن را افزایش می دهد جذب شده است. "هنگامی که شما از محیط زیست دریایی ساحلی قطب جنوب فکر می کنم، گونه نمادین مانند پنگوئن، مهر و موم و نهنگ معمولا سرقت نشان می دهد،" AAD زیست شناس گلن جانستون روز چهارشنبه گفت. قطب جنوب بخش استرالیا فیلم بر روی یک دوربین متصل به یک وسیله نقلیه از راه دور عمل در زمان پایین از طریق یک سوراخ کوچک حفر شده در ice.The استرالیا قطب جنوب بخش (AAD) ارسال فیلم بر روی یک دوربین متصل به یک خودرو از راه دور عمل در زمان پایین توسط دانشمندان از طریق یک ارسال سوراخ کوچک در یخ حفر آنها به عنوان ثبت اسیدیته، اکسیژن، شوری و درجه حرارت از آب دریا است. "بنابراین ما انتظار این اکوسیستم در میان باشد از جانی استارک اقیانوس رهبر acidification.Project گفت یک چهارم از دی اکسید کربن ساطع به اتمسفر طول سال درجه سانتیگراد ocean.5 ها جذب شده و پوشش داده شده در 1 اول نهفته است.
نوشته شده در سه شنبه ۱۲ آذر ۱۳۹۸ساعت 9:13
برچسب ها : DIN935 HEX NUT Manufacturers,
Oncam’s Evolution Stainless Steel camera boasts an IP69K rating against weather, water, and dust, as well as an IK10 rating. Oncam China hexagonal nut Suppliers 360-degree Evolution Stainless Steel camera. Oncam, the provider of 360-degree video capture and business technology has launched the 360-degree camera, which seems to be the first and only surveillance camera to receive the NSF mark in the ‘Special Purpose Food Equipment and Devices’ category.
Oncam’s Evolution Stainless Steel camera boasts an IP69K rating against weather, water, and dust, as well as an IK10 rating against vandalism. The company claims that this camera can be washed with high-pressure jets of more than 1,000psi at up to 80 degrees Celsius, enabling it to withstand demanding environments. The system is ideal for surveillance applications in diverse areas like food processing facilities, industrial and chemical plants, vehicle wash stations, and ports and marine applications, amongst others.In addition to resilience, Oncam Evolution Stainless Steel camera has a comfortable design, which should be a complementary addition to any architecture. Enclosed in a stainless steel housing, Oncam’s Stainless Steel models offer the same features as its Evolution 05 and Evolution 12 cameras. With an outer casing manufactured from marine-grade stainless steel 316, its resistance to corrosion caused by salt spray makes it ideally suited for use in harsh environments.
نوشته شده در دوشنبه ۴ آذر ۱۳۹۸ساعت 15:00
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“I don’t think Japanese are concerned about a difference in the work culture,” Nakano said. The official spoke on condition of anonymity.State-owned Steel Authority of India (SAIL), which for decades has been the main supplier of rails to Indian Railways, was also overlooked by Japanese companies due to quality concerns, the sources said. Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe laid the foundation stone for India’s first bullet train in September, 2017.“It’s like a chicken and egg situation on technology.Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Corp, Japan’s biggest steelmaker, and other companies like JFE Holdings Inc, Kawasaki Heavy Industries Ltd, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd, Toshiba Corp and Hitachi Ltd are likely to bid for various contracts, said three senior Indian government officials directly involved in China hex nuts Suppliers the project. He and other Japanese officials said efforts were continuing to fulfil the ‘Make in India’ component of the agreement by promoting collaborations between companies from the two countries.India’s UltraTech Cement Ltd, Larsen & Toubro Ltd , Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd and Ambuja Cements Ltd are among those in the race for the supply of construction materials and power, the two Indian railways officials said.These companies did not respond to Reuters’ requests for comment.
The Japanese have reservations on certain issues because they have a concern that there is a difference in the culture and systems of Japan from the culture and systems in India,” said Achal Khare, the managing director of National High Speed Rail Corp Ltd (NHSRCL), the agency tasked to execute the bullet train project.The September 2017 agreement between Japan and India for the bullet train project included two clauses - the promotion of ‘Make in India’ and ‘Transfer of Technology’ - through which New Delhi had hoped to set up manufacturing facilities in the country, generate jobs and get a toehold in Japanese technology.Nippon Steel said it would not comment on specific projects.
The work culture is very different,” he told Reuters. The Japanese want an economy of scale and business but the Indian view is that India is a big market that once this market is explored the business will automatically be generated,” said Khare from NHSRCL.Still, several Indian officials said it was by and large accepted that Indian companies would not have a major part to play in the bullet train project. Critics also say the bullet train is wasteful and that the money could be better used elsewhere.Khare did not elaborate but two Indian railways officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said their Japanese counterparts had raised questions about efficiency in Indian companies and their ability to meet timelines.Mitsubishi Heavy said it had not decided if it wanted to be involved.The sole collaboration aimed at the bullet train project is between Kawasaki Heavy Industries and India’s Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, which aims to win carriage orders. Modi faces a general election in 2019 and is under pressure to provide more jobs to millions of unemployed in India. (Photo: PTI) New Delhi/ Tokyo: Japanese steel and engineering companies are in the driver’s seat to bag major supply contracts for a USD 17 billion Indian bullet train, several sources said, undermining a key component of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s economic policy - a push to ‘Make in India’.Japan is funding most of the project with firms likely to supply at least 70 per cent of the core components of rail line.Japan is funding most of the project, and Japanese companies are likely to supply at least 70 per cent of the core components of the rail line, said five sources in New Delhi with direct knowledge of the matter.Tomoyuki Nakano, director for international engineering affairs in the railway bureau at Japan’s transport ministry, said the issue was that Indian companies had no experience or technologies specialising in high-speed railway systems at present.Left with little choice, Indian firms will now largely provide raw materials like cement and supply manpower for the assembly of rails, the sources said.The Indian government in 2017 mediated negotiations between Nippon Steel and India’s Jindal Steel and Power Ltd to set up a joint venture to manufacture rails, but the talks fell through after the Japanese major raised quality concerns, three sources in New Delhi said.
A spokesman for Modi’s office declined comment.Japan will get major leeway because the bullet train is largely funded by a 50-year loan provided by its government, said a close aide of Modi, who spoke on condition of anonymity.A Japanese transport ministry official involved in the project said the two countries were still working out a strategy for the supply of key components, and would unveil a plan for procurements around July.The World Bank currently ranks India 100th out of 190 nations on the ease of doing business, giving it relatively low marks for starting a business, enforcing contracts and dealing with construction permits.But New Delhi is unlikely to announce any new projects until the final cost and commercial feasibility of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad link is clear, the officials said.Japanese government officials have asked for more bullet train corridors in India before transferring technology, three senior Indian officials said.“At this stage to expect Indian companies to have a bigger share in manufacturing appears to be a little difficult,” said a senior official at the Indian government’s policy think-tank, NITI Aayog, who is involved in the negotiations. It will link Mumbai with Ahmedabad, the largest commercial city in Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s home state Gujarat.Modi’s flagship ‘Make in India’ initiative aims to lift the share of manufacturing in India’s USD 2 trillion economy to 25 per cent from 17 per cent and create 100 million jobs by 2022. It will link Mumbai with Ahmedabad, the largest commercial city in Modi’s home state Gujarat..Missed opportunity New Delhi has tried to help Indian steel companies grab a slice of the pie.However, midway through Modi’s five-year term, manufacturing was still at 17 per cent of India’s GDP in the 2016/17 financial year from 15 per cent previously.JFE, Hitachi and Toshiba said they were interested in the project but had not finalised plans, including any possibilities of joint ventures with Indian firms.Nippon Steel declined comment and while Jindal and SAIL did not reply to e-mails seeking comment.Only one joint venture Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe laid the foundation stone for India’s first bullet train in September, 2017
نوشته شده در چهارشنبه ۲۹ آبان ۱۳۹۸ساعت 8:19
برچسب ها : DIN935 HEX NUT Manufacturers,
Singh, however, rejected reports that the entire lot of 26 TMT bar brands had failed in quality parameters."I have already taken up the matter with the Steel secretary and talked to him. Therefore, the entire lot should be of that quality," Singh told reporters on the sideline of a seminar here Friday. While inspecting, we find the products are meeting the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) norms.Stating that the National Steel Policy 2017 is aimed at achieving 300 million tonnes steel production by 2030-31, Singh asked the industry to stress on research and innovation to become world leader in steel sector.
Bhubaneswar: The central government will look into the allegation of low quality steel being pushed into the market, Steel Minister Chaudhary Birender Singh said. BIS is not under our ministry, but they abide by the standard given by us," he said."The ministry will examine the matter. Now that there is an apex body, the entire industry will be in a position to use it," Singh said.National Steel Policy 2017 is aimed at achieving 300 million tonnes steel production by 2030-31. metric nut Suppliers Singh asked the industry to stress on research and innovation to become world leader in steel sector."I dont believe such news reports.
I understand the media report is sweeping.The minister, however, trashed reports that the entire lot of 26 TMT bar brands is of low quality."There are examples when one company takes advantage of an innovation.Singh said this while reacting to the claim of the First Construction Council (FCC) that 26 TMT bar brands in the country had failed in quality parameters in sample tests. I also do not admit that the entire lot has failed to meet the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) norms," he said.He said the government had taken a major step by forming the Steel Research and Technology Mission of India (SRTMI), an apex body to facilitate joint collaborative research projects in the Iron and Steel sector of the country
نوشته شده در چهارشنبه ۲۲ آبان ۱۳۹۸ساعت 9:08
برچسب ها : metric nut Suppliers,
India’s mammoth state railways, hit by a spate of accidents, is trying to modernise its ageing tracks. Upgrade of railway tracks is being undertaken after a series of derailments occured over past few months. 10mm hex nut Manufacturers New Delhi: The Indian government has criticised state-run Steel Authority of India (SAIL) for its failure to supply rails to Indian Railways, according to a letter seen by Reuters.India’s mammoth state railways, hit by a spate of accidents, is trying to modernise its ageing tracks, but steel shortages have stymied progress.The steel ministry has asked SAIL, the only supplier of rails to Indian Railways, to make sure it meets its target of 1.14 million tonnes of supplies in 2017/18, according to a letter seen by Reuters.“It is once again reiterated that the ongoing track renewal and capacity augmentation programme of railways is an important national project and the supply of rail by SAIL is a very critical component for the success of this project,” the letter, dated Sept. 19 and addressed to SAIL Chairman P.K.
Singh, said.Stung by a string of accidents on the world’s fourth-biggest rail network, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently named a new minister for the railways, which is grappling with chronic under-investment and overcrowding.Reuters earlier reported the upgrade for the country’s accident-prone network was at risk because of rail shortages from SAIL.Between April and August, SAIL could supply only 70 percent of its monthly targets set for Indian Railways, the letter said.For 2017/18, SAIL has committed to providing only 1.14 million tonnes, against a requirement for 1.46 million tonnes.For the remaining 300,000 tonnes, Indian Railways is likely to float a tender in the next two to three months, said a railways official familiar with the plan.Jindal Steel and Power Ltd, which has for years tried to bag a rail supply contract, will bid for the tender, a senior company official said.SAIL, which has posted losses for nine straight quarters, is targeting capacity additions of 2 million tonnes a year thanks to a new mill in eastern India.The steel ministry and Indian Railways did not comment for this article.
نوشته شده در چهارشنبه ۱۵ آبان ۱۳۹۸ساعت 14:19
برچسب ها : 10mm hex nut Manufacturers,
Concerned over cheap imported steel from China flooding Indian markets and adversely affecting the investments of domestic companies, a proposal by the steel and commerce ministries to impose a minimu China wholesale DIN934 HEX NUTS Concerned over cheap imported steel from China flooding Indian markets and adversely affecting the investments of domestic companies, a proposal by the steel and commerce ministries to impose a minimum import price (MIP) on certain categories of the commodity is learnt to have been blocked by the PMO for fear that any such move may violate WTO norms and fuel black-marketing.
The red signal to the proposed move of the ministries by the PMO, appears to be an embarrassment to the commerce ministry, which, after receiving several missives from the steel ministry, had made plans to issue a notification for imposing MIP (a floor price) below which no imported steel shipment would be allowed to be sold in the Indian markets. This would have helped domestic steel-makers reclaim their market and recover their investments, sources said.
نوشته شده در پنجشنبه ۹ آبان ۱۳۹۸ساعت 14:02
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The US trade deficit in 2017 in goods and services was $566 billion, though this balloons to $810 billion if you exclude services. US President Donald Trump (Photo: PTI) America’s President Donald Trump announced import duties of 25 per cent and 10 per cent on steel and aluminium respectively on February 2. The New York Times noted that Mr Trump has been spoiling for a trade war since he began electioneering. The announcement nevertheless took both America’s allies and other countries by surprise. A Trump soundbite, disparagingly recounting Prime Minister Narendra Modi telling him about reducing Indian import duties on Harley Davidson motorcycles from 100 per cent to 50 per cent, went viral. Should the US be thanking India for that, President Trump asked sarcastically.The rationale for the US decision defies logic. For starters, the decision uses national security grounds, a rarely used World Trade Organisation (WTO) rule which is difficult to review. President George W. Bush had similarly imposed duties on steel imports in 2002, for three years, that was subsequently held to be infringing WTO’s global trade rules. Next arises the question of whether it covers countries like Canada, Mexico and South Korea, with which the US has trade agreements that should preclude such action.The US trade deficit in 2017 in goods and services was $566 billion, though this balloons to $810 billion if you exclude services. Of this, the deficit with China alone is $342 billion. However, the duties on steel and aluminium are unlikely to affect China much as it is not even in the top 10 countries exporting these products to the US. China’s strength is in manufactured goods, which may have steel or aluminium content, but would not be affected. But the argument runs that President Trump has just begun his protectionist war, and more duties on more products may follow.
The likelihood of a trade war spinning out of control has rattled stock markets across the world.The leaders of the G-20 economies have strongly condemned the US move, ranging from Canada to the European Union and Australia. The Chinese reaction, however, remained muted. After all, with Mr Trump sometimes the bark has been worse than his bite, and his policy tweaks are often campaign promises fulfilled, mostly in a pro forma manner. Interestingly the announcement, by design or coincidence, came on the very day that Liu He, Chinese politburo member and economic adviser to Chinese President Xi Jinping, began his talks with the US. This was reminiscent of Mr Trump sanctioning a punitive missile attack on Syria as he hosted Mr Xi at his Mar-e-Lago resort in Florida last year.The larger question is whether Mr Trump had weighed all factors before announcing the move, from which the advantages may be lopsided domestically. While some benefit may go to 200,000 jobs in US smelting industries producing those two items, the negative impact on those using those products in their manufacturing may impact 6.5 million jobs. For instance, aluminium goes into production of cans which are increasingly vital for the beer and soft drinks industry. Other big groups that consume them are manufacturers of aircraft and cars, thus affecting behemoths like Boeing and General Motors, whose cost of inputs may rise.
The linkages of supply chains among the three-member North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta), comprising Canada, the US and Mexico, are problematic. Car manufacture demonstrates this dilemma, as the chassis may be made in the US but the engine and wiring may come from Mexico while the electronics could be from Canada or South Korea. Canada in fact buys half of America’s steel exports. Thus, it was not surprising that leaders of these countries warned of retaliatory duties on US products. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called the move “absolutely unacceptable”. The three US products that may straightaway face wrath abroad are Harley Davidson motorcycles, manufactured in the constituency of Speaker Paul Ryan, Kentucky bourbon and blue jeans, with similarly sensitive political implications. Thus, it was not surprising that Mr Trump chose motorbike exports from India having lesser duty in the US than Harleys coming to India even though out of India’s over $1 billion two-wheelers export only $11 million or so go to the US.As they say, it takes two to tango, and Mr Trump may be about to discover that fundamental reality.
Canada and Mexico are the first and third largest agricultural markets for the US. South Korea imports US beef, corn, pork, etc. Turkey imports US cotton and Brazil wheat and dairy. Agriculture can be a vote-sensitive sector, particularly in regions in the US Midwest where support for Mr Trump is strong. Moreover, all steel jobs lost are unlikely to reappear in the US as automation and changes in steel production technology would condition that. Mr Trump hectored after a crescendo of EU threats that he would impose duties on European cars if it persisted. While it is true that the EU imposes 10 per cent duty on car imports while the US duty is just 2.5 per cent, the the preference for European, Japanese or Korean cars is based on value for money or simply value for quality. Moreover, many foreign car manufacturers have set up American hex flange nut Manufacturers plants for indigenous production.Mr Trump may well believe, as his tweet declared, that “trade wars are good and easy to win”, but the reality can be grey and troublesome with no clear winners. George W. Bush had to withdraw similar duties that he imposed in 2002. The real issue is whether it is in the interests of the US to undermine the global trade regime that it had helped to construct, culminating in the setting up of WTO. The “national security” exception can become more widely misused by other nations, seeing America’s behaviour. India has been resisting US attacks on its food procurement programme as non-compliant with WTO rules. Protectionism ill suits the evangelical erstwhile supporters of free trade. When rule-makers turn rule-breakers, the world is bound to be a less stable place.
نوشته شده در دوشنبه ۶ آبان ۱۳۹۸ساعت 8:06
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